1891 Census Names Index
Brief history of Hingham
Blomfield, 1739 on Hingham
Universal British directory 1793
Pigot's 1830 [GENUKI-NFK]
1831 Lewis's Topographical Dictionary [GENUKI-NFK]
White's 1854, and 1883
Kelly's 1883 and1937
Notice of Enclosure [GENUKI-NFK] (search for "Hingham")
Hingham watermill [Jonathan Neville]
Hingham early postmill, Mill Corner tower mill, Deopham Road postmill and towermill and Hardingham Road postmill [Jonathan Neville]
Hingham Archeology [Norfolk Heritage Explorer]
Parish Register information [Geoff Lowe & Andrew Rivett]
More on Hingham [GENUKI-NFK]
Local Web-site Pictures, maps, events, etc
American Connection
Return to villages index
Paddy's home page

Norfolk: Hingham

William White's History, Gazetteer, and Directory of Norfolk 1845, pp. 437-440.

[Complete entry. Transcription Copyright © E.C."Paddy" Apling, January 1999]

HINGHAM, which gives name to a deanery, is a small but neat market town, consisting of a large square of good houses and shops, with several narrow streets, pleasantly seated on rising ground, near a large lake or mere, extending a mile in circumference, abounding in pike, eels, and other fish, and supplied by several copious springs, which give rise to a rivulet, flowing eastward to the Yare. It is distant 14 miles W.S.W. of Norwich, 9½ miles S. by E. of East Dereham, 6 miles W. of Wymondham, and 97 miles N.E. by N. of London. Its MARKET, formerly held every Saturday, was revived a few years ago, after being long obsolete, and is now held on Tuesday, when some business is done in corn, cattle, &c., at the Cock and Ringers Inns. It has three large annual FAIRS for stock, &c., held March 7th, Whit-Tuesday, and October 2nd. Its PARISH has increased its population since the year 1801, from 1203 to 1691 souls, and contains 3525 acres of land, partly in the Rectory manor, and the Rev. W. B. Hurnard's manor of Gurney's, but mostly in Hingham Manor, of which Lord Wodehouse is lord, and owner of most of the soil. The common (800A.) was enclosed in 1781. The manor of Hingham was held during the 13th and 14th centuries, by the Marshals, Earls of Pembroke, and passed from them to the Morleys, and from the latter to the Wodehouses. The Church (St. Andrew,) is a large and handsome fabric, with a lofty tower, containing eight musical bells. It was rebuilt in 1316, by its rector, Remigius de Hethersete, and its patron, John le Marshal. Several chapels and numerous images decorated its interior, prior to the Reformation. Trinity chapel, at the north-east corner, had a fine stained glass window, with an inscription, which Blomefield reads thus:-"Thys window ys ye mayden cost of Hengham," from which it was supposed to have been glazed at the cost of the ladies of the town. On the north side of the chancel is a noble canopied monument, reaching from the floor to the roof, richly decorated with stone imagery and tracery; and though the brass inscriptions are gone, it appears from the arms remaining to have been raised to the memory of Thomas Lord Morley, baron of Rye, and marshal of Ireland, who died in 1435. The large east window is filled with beautiful stained glass, purchased on the continent by the late Lord Wodehouse, in 1813, and representing in figures as large as life, the Crucifixion, the Descent from the cross, the Resurrection, the Ascension, Adam and Eve, Moses, Aaron, St. Andrew, &c., all much admired for the beauty and brilliancy of the colours. The rectory, valued in K.B. at £24. 18s. 4d., is in the gift of Lord Wodehouse, and incumbency of the Hon. and Rev. W. Wodehouse, who has a good residence, 33A. 3R. 3P. of glebe, and a yearly rent of £1260. 12s. 3d., awarded in 1842, in lieu of tithes. In 1605, Robert Peck, M.A., was rector here, and being a man "of a very violent schismatical spirit," he pulled down the rails, levelled the altar, and sunk the whole chancel a foot below the nave; but being prosecuted for it by Bishop Wren, he fled to New England, where he and many of his parishioners founded a new colony by the name of Hingham, in which many of their posterity still remain. He promised never to desert those who emigrated with him; but hearing that the bishops were deposed, he left them to shift for themselves, and returned here in 1646, and died in 1656. Sir Ralph de Hingham, Kt., was a native of this parish, and Justice of the King's Bench, in the reigns of Henry III. and Edward I.; but being found guilty of bribery and corruption, he was fined 7000 marks, which not being immediately paid, he was afterwards banished, with nine more of the twelve judges, who had been convicted of similar crimes. He ultimately paid the fine, and was made Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, in the first of Edward II., but he died in the same year. The Independents and Society of Friends have each a chapel here. The town is in Hockham Police Division; and Petty Sessions are held at the White Hart Inn, as noticed on page 431. [Forehoe Hundred]

Hingham Free School was founded, and endowed with a valuable estate, by Wm Parlett, in 1727, for the support of a master and usher, to teach and instruct freely in the Greek and Latin tongues, and also in English, writing, and arithmetic, all the sons of the inhabitants of Hingham, Woodrising, and Southburgh. He directed that the master should be a graduate of one of the Universities, and should have two-thirds, and the usher one-third, of the clear yearly income, and that both should be natives of Norfolk or the city of Norwich. In 1728, Sarah Day gave £40 towards purchasing or building the school, on condition that one boy should be admitted from Scoulton, on the nomination of the minister of that parish. In 1750, Sir John Wodehouse conveyed to the trustees 1½ rood of land, on which a dwelling-house and school-room were built. Part of the School Estate was sold for the redemption of the land-tax, and some other parts were exchanged at the enclosure, in 1783. It now consists of a farm-house, and 122A. 0R. 4P.of land, let for £200 per annum. Since 1789, the master and usher have kept two separate schools. The master instructs boys on the foundation (seldom more than 10,) in Latin and Greek gratuitously. He has a good dwelling-house, which has room for 40 boarders. The usher's school is distant nearly 300 yards from the master's school, and was built about 1802, on land given by Lord Wodehouse. The usher has generally about 40 boys on the foundation, and instructs them gratuitously in English, reading, writing and accounts. Here is also a National School. The poor have three yearly rent-charges, amounting to £5, left by Francis Seaborn, in 1655, Robert Baldwin, in 1677, and Cphr. Adcock, in 1705. Thomas Heyhoe, in 1708, left 2A. of land (now let for £4. 10s.,) and directed 10s. to be paid yearly for a sermon; 1s. to the clerk, and the remainder of the rent to be distributed in bread among the poor. In 1724, Wm. Thurrold left land for a weekly distribution of bread; and in 1808, it was exchanged for 2A. 3R. now let for £6 a year. Edward Payne, in 1734, gave land for the benefit of the poor, and it was exchanged, about 1808, for 2A. 2R. 8P., now let to ten labourers, at rents amounting to £7. 10s. At the enclosure, in 1783, an allotment of 2A. 2R. 24P. was awarded in respect of the above-named charity lands, and is now let for £7, half of which is applied to the use of the church. At the same time, a Fuel Allotment of 34A. was awarded to the poor, and it is now let for £30, which is distributed, with most of the other charities, on St. Thomas's day and Candlesmas day, chiefly in coals. The CHURCH ESTATE, purchased with £20 in the reign of Henry VIII., was exchanged, at the enclosure, for 8A. 16P., let for about £20 a year. The POST-OFFICE is at Miss Large's, but Mr. John C. Woodrow is the postmaster. Letters arrive by mail-cart from Attleborough, at 10 morning, and are despatched in the afternoon.


    Adcock      Samuel              carrier
    Alexander   Daniel              solicitor, agent to
                            the Atlas Fire Office, &c.
    Alexander   Mr John
    Bushell     Mrs S.
    Bailey      Rev. Henry          curate
    Bedford 	Wm. 		    clock & watch maker
    Caston      Wm.                 glover
    Cawdron     Hy.                 police
    Collins     Mr Thos.
    Fisher      Mrs Eliz.
    Daines      Mrs Mary
    Darby       Rev. Martin Baylie  rector of Hackford, &c.
    Downes      Charles             fishmonger
    Fulcher     Mr Richard
    Gilman      Edw. Case, Esq. & Miss Fanny
    Gilman      Lieut.-Col. Philip Case
    Gilman      Samuel Heyoe Le Neve  solicitor
				 (office, Norwich)
    Hardy       Miss
    Hastings    John                 printer & bookseller
    Hubbard     Mr Ths
    Hurnard     Wm., Esq
    Jickling    George	 	 agent to Norwich Union Fire Office
    Johnson     Sarah
    King        Mr Robt.
    Langford    Samuel               druggist
    Matthews    Rev. Richard Buck
    Norton      Fras.                Tempnce. Coffee House
    Press       Edward, Esq.         solicitor, coroner,
                                  and superintendent registrar
    Priest      Mr Richard
    Rands       James                police
    Roberts     Wm.                  horse letter, &c
    Rushbrook   Mr Reuben
    Vince       Thos.
    Thurston    Jeremiah             cooper
    Thurston    Wm.                  confectioner
    Waller      Robert               umbrella maker
    Woodrow     John Cooper 	     postmaster
    Wodehouse   Hon. & Rev. Wm.      Rectory
    Wodehouse   Rev. Algernon
    Wodehouse   Hon. Miss Sophia
    Wright      Mr Robert
                  INNS AND TAVERNS
        Angel 	                Rt. Yeomans (hair dresser)
        Cock                    Robert Layt
        Dog                     Robert Money
        Eight Ringers           Thos. Gaze (mercht)
        Unicorn                 John Ward
        White Hart Inn          Robert Coe
                     ACADEMIES
        Free Schools, 	Rev. Robert Brown Slipper, A.M. master, 
				and John Woodrow, usher
        Bassum        Mary
        National School, Thos.Lewis Dermer

      Bakers, &c.                 	   Milliners, &c.
     * are Millers.                 		Adcock          Sarah
   Clarke               Appalona		Badley 		Eliz.
   Lilley 		Richard			Bedford 	Mary
 * Fisher 	        Wm.			Hubbard 	Margt.
 * Lane 		Andrew			Precious 	Susan
 * Pitts 	        Philip		         Plumbrs. Glazrs. and Painters.
     Beer Houses.				Lee 		Charles
   Browne 		John			Roberts 	Mary
   Hastings 	        Thos.			Vince 		John
     Blacksmiths.		    	   Saddlers.
   Bassum 		Robert			Child 		John
   Feltham 		Daniel			Feltham 	James
   Gapp 		Charles			Riddlesworth 	Frs
   Pearce 		Charles			   Shoemakers.
     Bricklayers, &c.		Bassum 		James N.
   Elsy 		Wm. 			Curtis 		Wm.
	(and brick & tile mkr)			Eagling 	Thomas
   Elsy 		John			Hammond 	Wm.
   Thurston 		Thos.			King 		Philip
     Butchers. 					Murrell 	Wm.
   Coles 		John			Parfitt 	Henry
   Coles 		Susan			Rose 		Thomas
   Houchen 		Edmd.			Rudderham 	Jas.
   Newson 		Benj.			    Shopkeepers.
   Nicholson	 	John			Clemmence 	Jas.
     Carpenters.				Elsy 		George
   Elsy 		John			Harvey 		My. Ann
   Harwood 		George Hardy		Large 		Sarah Ann and Eliza
   Skipper 		John			Pearce 		Charles
   Thurston 		Thos.			Vince 		James
        FARMERS.	   		    Surgeons.
   Brassnett 		Henry			Cooper 		Matthew
   Bird 		Jas. (steward)		Tallent 	Jn. Thos.
   Beales 		Wm.			    Tailors.
   Capps 		George			Browne 		John
   Child 		Stephen			Caston 		Wodehouse
   Fisher 		Elizabeth		Coldham 	John
   Gapp 		Edmund			Elmer 		Edmund
   Gapp 		James			Griston 	James
   Hammond		Hy.			Pitts 		Phineas
   Large 		Wm.			Semmence 	Fras.
   Lane 		Jno. (miller)		Waller 		Wm.
   Priest 		Richard			Waller 		George
   Spruce 		Miles			Webster 	James
     Gardeners.				   		Vety. Surgeons.
   Baxter 		Philip			Bassum 		Charles
   Dutchess	 	John			Cannell 	Abrahm.
     Grocers & Drprs.		  			Wheelwrights.
   Chamberlain 		Chs.			Hubbard 	John
   Johnson 		Wm.			Vince 		Thomas
   Riddlesworth 	Frs		    Wine, Spirit and Porter Merchts.
   Waller 		Wm.			Dodds 		Ralph
    Hairdressers.				Howard 		Philip
   Caston 		Wodehouse		Newson 		My. Ann
   Yeomans 	Robert                                  (and brewer)
     Ironmongers and Braziers.
   Cable 		Charles
   Elsy 		George
   Emerson 		Wm.
   Thurston	 	Thos.

Transcription Copyright © E.C."Paddy" Apling, January 1999; links updated May 2010.

1891 Census Names Index
Brief history of Hingham
Blomfield, 1739 on Hingham
Universal British directory 1793
Pigot's 1830 [GENUKI-NFK]
1831 Lewis's Topographical Dictionary [GENUKI-NFK]
White's 1854, and 1883
Kelly's 1883 and 1937
Notice of Enclosure [GENUKI-NFK] (search for "Hingham")
Hingham watermill [Jonathan Neville]
Hingham early postmill, Mill Corner tower mill, Deopham Road postmill and towermill and Hardingham Road postmill [Jonathan Neville]
Hingham Archeology [Norfolk Heritage Explorer]
Parish Register information [Geoff Lowe & Andrew Rivett]
More on Hingham [GENUKI-NFK]
Local Web-site Pictures, maps, events, etc
American Connection
Return to villages index
Paddy's home page