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Norfolk Wills: Ridlington

Transcription Copyright © Alison U. Ring, May, 2003.

The Will of Thomas Shorte
of Rydlington (Ridlington)
1556

In the name of god Amen I Thomas Shorte of Rydlington thefore being of an hall [hale] mynd and p(er)fhyhte [perfect] remembrennce laudyd be god the xxvjth. Day of Februarye in the yere of our lord god MCCCCCLVJ make this my testament and last wyll in manner and forme following Fyrst I bequethe my Sowle to allmyghtye god and to all the blessed companye of Heven my bodye to be buryed in the churchyard of Rydlington aforsayde And I give to the Highe Autor there for my tythes negligentlye forgotten iijs iiijd Item I give towarde the makinge of a new bell in the same p(ar)ysshe of Rydlington xx s uppon condycyon that it be made within the space of tenne years next after my decesse. Item I will there be distributyd amonge the pore people at my buriall daye xx s Item I give to everye one of my godchylldrens iiij d I wyll and devise that Nicholas Shorte my sonne shall have all that my messuage in the which I dwellen at the making herof together with suche land and pastur as well free as bonde thereunto belonging free lyeng and being within the towne and fyldes of Rydlington aforsayde and Wallcott as well suche landes and pasturs as I the same Thomas have now in occupacyon and also suche landes and pasturs as the same Nicholas have now in occupacyon and tyllage to have and to hould to the same Nicholas Shorte hys heyrs and Assignes forever upon condycyon that the same Nicholas paye or cause to be payd to myne executors or to hys certeine attorney executors or Assigneys Fowertye pound of lawfull englyshe money to be payd in manner and forme following that is to saye at the Feest of The Annuncyacyon of our Ladye next after my decesse five marc And at the Feest of The Annuncyacyon of our Lady than next ensuing five marc. And so furthe yere and yerelye at the Feest of the Annuncyacyon of Our Lady next and ymedyatlye following five Marc untyll the payde soome of Fowrtye pounds be fullye contentyd and payde for and exceptyd to Margaret my wyef one parlure with a chamber over the same one Swuitye (?) Also lybertye for the tying of two neatt in the neatthouse there one house called a Shoppe for to lye in her wood and lybertye and lybertye (sic) in the corne chamber to laye in her corne wythe free lybertye to the bakehouse and kytchen for baking and brewing during her lyefe naturall the which be [here there is a line inserted which makes other words difficult to read] p(ar)cells of my sayde messuage [INSERT: also exceptyd to the sayde Margaret one-gresel (parcel?) of?] and one corne cloos [see definition of this word at the end of the will] lying in the northe parte of the sayde cloos the whiche be parcelles of my sayde lands and pasturs. Also exceptyd to the sayde Margaret free lybertye for the keeping of two neat in the tyme of Soomer at Kethome (?) Holland and Francis Launds(?) during hyr lyefe naturall. Also I wyll that the same Nycholas shall yere and yerelye during her lyef naturall plowe the sayde corne cloos Also to mowe sowe and carry the croppe of the same cloos as hys proper role and charge exceptyd to the sayde Nycholas the winter grasse of the same sayde cloos providyd allwayes and I wyll that Thomas Shorte my sonne shall have to hym and his heyrs for ever free ingate and outegate wt [with] hys carte and horsse to and from the messuage of the same Thomas thorough that parte of the cloos of the same Nycholas into the Woods(?) there for ever. Also I wyll that the same Nicholas shall enter bonde by obligacyon with suffycyent Surthyes for the sure payment of the sayde fowerty pounds. Item I wyll that Thomas Shorte my sonne shall have all that my messuage in the whiche the same Thomas dwellethe in at the making herof together with suche lands and pasturs as it thereunto belonging bothe free and bonde stylle lying and being within the towne and feelds of Rydlington aforsaide Crostwyte and Wallcote the which the same Thomas have now in occupacyon and tyllage to have and to hould of the same Thomas Shorte hys heyrs and assignes for ever upon condycyon that the same Thomas paye or cause to be payde to the sayde Margaret my wyef Twentye pounds of lawfull englyshe money in manner and forme following that yt be payd at the Feest of the Annuncyacyon of our Lady next after my decesse xl s and at the Feest of the Annuncacyon of our Ladye then next ensuing xl s And sofurthe yere and yerelye at the Feest of The Annuncycayon of our Lady next and ymedyatlye following yt until the sayde Soome of Twentye pounds be fully contentyd and payed And I will that the sayde Thomas shall enter bonde and obligacyon with suffycyent Suretyes for the payement of the sayde Twentye pounds. Item I give to Robert Shorte my sonne tenne marc of lawfull englishe money to be payde to hym xx s by yere untyll the sayde Some of tenne marc be fullye content and payde. Item I will and bequethe to Lawrence Short my sonne Tenne marc of lawfull money of England to be payde to hym xx s by yere untyll the payde Soome of tenne marc be fullye contentyd and payde upon condicyon that the same Lawrence doe relinquyshe all hys Righte and tytle that he hathe in a certaine cloos lyeng in Crostwyte contening by estymacyon iij ares and a haulf to the use and byhoof of Thomas Shorte hys brother and hys heyrs for ever. Item I give to Thomas Shorte my sayde sonne and to hys heyrs and assignes one incloos lying in Happesburghe conteyning by estymacyon two are and a haulf the whiche I latelye purchased of a Wyllm Lowell of E(a)st ruston (?) uppon condycyon that he payeth to Walter Shorte hys sonne xxi pounds when he cometh to th(e) age of xviij years And yf the same Walter departe out of this pur? world before he comethe to the sayde age of xviij years than I wyll the same xxi pounds be equally p(ar)tyd amongest the chilldren of the sonne Thomas Item I give to Agnes Shorte the wyef of Nycholas Shorte my sonne vii sylver spoones to be delivered to her ymedyatelye after the dep(ar)ture of Margaret my sayde wife upon condicyon that he payeth to Margaret Shorte the wyfe of Thomas Shorte xii s Item I give to Thomas Shorte my sayde sonne two pewter platters two dysshes and two saucers and one brass cawdronne the whiche I boughte of the p(ar)sonne (?). Item I give to everye one of the chilldren of Lawrence Shorte vjs viijd. Item I give to everye one of the chylldren of Robert Shorte vjs viijd Item I give to Agnes Warnes xx s Item I give to Johan Balye vjs viijd Item I give Margaret Cryet(?) iijs iiij d Item I give to Margaret Shorte the daughter of Nicholas Shorte xx s Item I give to Thomas Shorte the sonne of Nycholas Shorte one graye coulte Item I give to the same Thomas the haulf parte of one meare colour yron gray The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give and bequethe to Margaret my sayde wyef whome I ordeine and make my sole executrixe And I ordeine and make John Shorte my sonne Sup(er)visour of thys my testament and last wyll And I give to hym for his labour vjs iiijd These being wyttenes Roger Lellesoon Wyllm Balye Stephen Spase Lawrence Drake and Thomas Woollstonne.

'Cloos' probably written as it was pronounced in the Norfolk accent -- 'oo' as in 'food.' [See also Soomer/Summer.] It is most likely a version of 'close' = any piece of land held as private property (Random House Dictionary.

The amounts of money are difficult to read. Most of them are pounds or shillings. I have translated 'll' as pounds and 's' as shilling, 'd' as pence in the 'old' way. It will be noted that sometimes he leaves 'five marc' or 'tenne marc' a marc being one-third of a pound. Hence, later he leaves the children vj s and viij d, which is one marc, and even one lady receives iii s and iiij d.

Words in RED I have not been able to verify but can only guess at their spelling. These are definitely subject to further study, particularly SWUITYE, which in the meaning of 'suite' did not occur until c. 1605 according to my dictionary. Family names of people are also not clear or definite. Probated 1st May 1557.

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